Airport Operations Manuals
What is the Airport Operations Manual?
Airport operations manual is a manual compiled as per Civil Aviation Regulations (CAR) Part 139.02.3 requirements. The operational manual serves as a guideline and standard for the installation, operation and maintenance of an Aerodromes Civil, electrical and navigational Aids. It also ensures that there are appropriate procedures in place to address and achieve the required safety standard.
Operation manuals are required to all South African aerodromes from category 2 and above as per CAR, Part 139.02.3. The manual includes the following requirements:
• Layout of the Aerodrome
• Organisation Structure responsibilities
• PARTICULARS OF THE AERODROME SITE
• PARTICULARS OF THE AERODROME OPERATING PROCEDURES
• Aerodrome Lighting Part 139.01.5 and Part 139.02.26
• Notification of aerodrome data and information: Part 139.02.12
• Control of access into restricted areas: Part 139.02.28 and 139.02.31
• Aerodrome inspections by aerodrome operator: Part 139.02.26
• Aerodrome works safety: Part 139.02.23
• Aircraft parking control: Part 139.01.17
• Airside vehicle control: Part 139.01.16, Part 139.01.26 and 139.02.31
• Environment management Programme: Part 139.02.11
• Obstacle control: Part 139.01.30
• Supply of fuel to aircraft part 139.01.23
• Apron cleaning and FOD Removal. ICAO Doc 9137_an/898 Part 8 and Part 139.02.11(1)
• Disabled aircraft removal
• Handling of hazardous materials: Part 92.00.1 through 28
• Protection of radar and navigational aids: Part 139.02.32
• Low visibility operations: Part 172
Airport ®Emergency Manuals
What is an Airport Emergency Manual?
Its manual compiled as per Civil Aviation Regulations CAR’S PART 139.02.6, CAR PART 139.02.21 AND ICAO DOC 9137-AN/898 PART 7 to provide clear but concise information and detail to facilitate effective management of an emergency that might arise at or in the vicinity of an aerodrome. The manual must be easy to use and the information must be easily locatable and be readily available to all participating role players or institutions.
The Airport Emergency Manual must include:
- The list of all role players who will be involved during emergency and their responsibilities.
- Fire & rescue resources, equipment and medical resources to be used during emergency.
- Prediction of different scenarios catered for: i.e. aircraft related incidents or accidents Phase 1, Phase 2, and Phase 3.
- The call out procedure when an accident or incident occurs both on and off airport emergencies. The procedure must clearly indicate the person with a mandate to institute the call-out procedure and to call such off.
- Layout of the airport indicating all facilities, available water resources, access roads and all other relevant information of infrastructure and clearly indicating areas where radio communication and or escort services are required.
- GRID CHART depicting the ten kilometer radius surrounding the airport.
- The aircraft recovery procedure as well as the contact detail of the institution that will be doing the recovery.
Aviation Safety Management System
What is an Aviation Safety Management System?
Aviation Safety Management System is a systematic approach that is used to identify hazards, classify the risk according to its categories and manage them by means of eliminating the risks, substitute them, reduce them, or tolerate them. Through the use of Safety Management System airport operators, airport stakeholders, airlines and airport owners can proactively identify and manage all hazards and risks associated with their operations.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has recommended that all aviation authorities implement Safety Management System regulatory structures.
What are South African Civil Aviation Authority (SA CAA) Safety Management System requirements?
SA CAA requires that all airports, airport stakeholders and airport operators have their SMS manuals approved and fully implemented by 31 July 2015. The SMS regulation (Part 140) was promulgated by the Minister of Transport on 30 June 2012 and came into effect on 1 August 2012. This means that SMS is now enforceable and all aviation organizations are to ensure that their SMS manuals are approved and implemented.
What are the business benefits of Implementing SMS?
It will improve legal compliance in terms of CAA regulations.
Continuous improvement of operational processes.
Allow incorporation of safety efforts into the operator’s business model.
Less injuries because employees are aware that some operations are more hazardous than others.
Reduction in insurance premiums through demonstration of control of safety risks.
Improve staff/ crew morale.
Security manuals are intended to describe in general the content, identity and essential functions set forth regarding security requirements. The security manual will assist airport employees with rules and regulations concerning security. The manual must contain specific rules and regulations, as well as information relating to compliance and enforcement. Due to security reasons, certain information regarding airport security manuals cannot be discussed here.
Environmental Management Manuals in Aviation
What is environmental management in aviation?
Environmental management is a series of management processes used by airlines, airports and airport operators to identify, control and reduce any environmental impacts from their operations and increase the environmental sustainability and social responsibility. The airline and airport business is complex and global, covering activities from flight operations, ground handling, and catering to maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) and airport operations in all manner of climates and surroundings. The environmental system will integrate different sections with the purpose to setting policy, goals and targets or identifying environmental issues.
The identification of environmental aspects and impacts will include but is not limited to:
- Air quality
- Water management
- Waste management
- Aircraft noise
- Energy conservation
- Birds and wild life
- Carbon emissions
Training & Services for: South African civil aviation technical standards (SAcats)
- SA-CATS 11 Procedures for making regulations and technical standards, granting exemptions and notifying differences
- SA-CATS 12 Aviation accident and incident
- SA-CATS 21 Certification procedures for products and parts
- SA-CATS 24 Airworthiness: Non-type certificated aircraft
- SA-CATS 34 Engine emission certification
- SA-CATS 36 Noise certification
- SA-CATS 43 General maintenance rules
- SA-CATS 44 Maintenance rules – non-type certificated aircraft
- SA-CATS 47 Registration and marking
- SA-CATS 48 Leasing of aircraft
- SA-CATS 61 Pilot licensing
- SA-CATS 62 National pilot licensing
- SA-CATS 63 Flight engineer licensing
- SA-CATS 64 Cabin crew licensing
- SA-CATS 65 Air traffic service personnel licensing
- SA-CATS 66 Aircraft maintenance engineer licensing
- SA-CATS 67 Medical certification
- SA-CATS 91 General operating and flight rules
- SA-CATS 92 Conveyance of dangerous goods
- SA-CATS 94 Operation of non-type certificated aircraft
- SA-CATS 96 Commercial operation of non-type certificated aircraft
- SA-CATS 105 Operation of parachutes
- SA-CATS 108 Air cargo security
- SA-CATS 109 Aviation security training organizations
- SA-CATS 110 Aviation security screener certification
- SA-CATS 121 Air transport operations: Carriage on aero planes of more than 19 passengers or cargo
- SA-CATS 127 Commercial air transport and general operations: Helicopters
- SA-CATS 133 Helicopter external load operations
- SA-CATS 135 Air transport operations: Small aero planes
- SA-CATS 137 Agricultural operations
- SA-CATS 138 Air ambulance operations
- SA-CATS 139 Aerodromes and heliports
- SA-CATS 140 Safety management system
- SA-CATS 141 Aviation training organizations
- SA-CATS 145 Aircraft maintenance organizations
- SA-CATS 147 Design organizations for products, parts and appliances
- SA-CATS 148 Manufacturing organizations
- SA-CATS 149 Aviation recreation organizations
- SA-CATS 171 Aeronautical telecommunication service providers (electronic services organizations)
- SA-CATS 172 Airspace and air traffic service
- SA-CATS 173 Procedure design organizations
- SA-CATS 175 Aeronautical information services
- SA-CATS 177 ICAO aeronautical charts
Training and Services for: South African civil aviation regulations (SA cars)
Part 11: Procedures for making regulations and technical standards, granting exemptions and notifying differences
- Part 12: Aviation accidents and incidents
- Part 21: Certification procedures for products and parts
- Part 24: Airworthiness: Non-type certificated aircraft
- Part 34: Engine emission certification
- Part 36: Noise certification
- Part 43: General maintenance rules
- Part 44: Maintenance rules – non-type certificated aircraft
- Part 47: Registration and marking
- Part 48: Leasing of aircraft
- Part 61: Pilot licensing
- Part 62: National pilot licensing
- Part 63: Flight engineer licensing
- Part 64: Cabin crew licensing
- Part 65: Air traffic service personnel licensing
- Part 66: Aircraft maintenance engineer licensing
- Part 67: Medical certification
- Part 68: Glider pilot licensing
- Part 69: Free balloon pilot licensing
- Part 91: General operating and flight rules
- Part 92: Conveyance of dangerous goods
- Part 94: Operation of non-type certificated aircraft
- Part 96: Commercial operation of non-type certificated aircraft
- Part 105: Operation of parachutes
- Part 108: Air cargo security
- Part 109: Aviation security training organizations
- Part 110: Aviation security screener certification
- Part 111: Aviation security
- Part 112: Aircraft passenger identification
- Part 121: Air transport operations: Carriage on aero planes of more than 19 passengers or cargo
- Part 127: Commercial air transport and general aviation operations: Helicopters
- Part 133: Helicopter external load operations
- Part 135: Air transport operations: Small aero planes
- Part 136: Air transport operations: Commercial operation of free balloons
- Part 137: Agricultural operations
- Part 138: Air ambulance operations
- Part 139: Aerodromes and heliports
- Part 140: Safety management system
- Part 141: Aviation training organizations
- Part 145: Aircraft maintenance organizations
- Part 147: Design organizations for products, parts and appliances
- Part 148: Manufacturing organizations
- Part 149: Aviation recreation organizations
- Part 171: Aeronautical telecommunication service providers (electronic services organization)
- Part 172: Airspace and air traffic service
- Part 173: Procedure design organizations
- Part 174: Meteorological information service
- Part 175: Aeronautical information services
- Part 176: Allocation of radio telephony (RTF) call signs, 3-letter aircraft designators and location indicators
- Part 177 ICAO aeronautical charts
- Part 185: Enforcement